Prince Edward Island
One of the four Atlantic Provinces, Prince Edward Island is also Canada's
smallest province in both area and population.
The crescent-shaped island is 224 km in length and ranges in width from 6
to 64 km, giving it a total area of 5660 km2. It lies in the Gulf of St.
Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia and New Brunswick by Northumberland Strait. Its highest point is 152 m above sea level. The province has numerous lakes and rivers, most of which are quite small.
Rich soil and a temperate climate make Prince Edward Island an ideal
place for mixed farming. Half of its land is under cultivation, earning
it the nickname "the Garden Province." It is renowned for its red soil,
sand dunes and 800 km of beaches.